Tawakkol Karman (born February 7, 1979, Ta’izz, Yemen) is a human rights activist, journalist and politician. Known as the “mother of the revolution”, “the iron woman” and “the lady of the Arab Spring,” Karman played a key role in the 2011 pro-democracy youth uprising in Yemen. She was awarded the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize, in recognition of her leadership in non-violent struggle and her advocacy against authoritarianism, corruption, and oppression. Karman is the first Arab woman and the second Muslim woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize. and at the time was the youngest recipient at 32.
Following the footsteps of her inspirations, Martin Luther King and Mahatma Gandhi, Tawakkol has become one of the pioneer leaders in the Middle East to promote the culture of non-violence as a means to fight political oppression and bring institutional change.
In early 2011, With the participation of many youth activists,Tawakkol co-founded the Council of the Peaceful Popular Youth Revolution. However, shortly after its establishment, to lead the marches and the revolution.
After her long persisting peaceful struggle, Tawakkol along with her revolutionary comraded, succeeded in ousting late president Ali Saleh after 32 years of authoritarian and corrupt ruling. Saleh was forced out to sign his resignation.
She is the president of the Women Journalists Without Chains, the general coordinator of the Peaceful Youth Revolution Council, a member of the advisory board for the Transparency International and several NGOs.
Bold and outspoken, She has been imprisoned on numerous occasions for her pro- democracy and pro-human rights protests.
Tawakkol’s courage and achievements have been recognized around the world, not only in the granting of the Nobel Peace Prize. She has received various awards and accolades which includes: one of TIME Magazine's Most Rebellious Woman in History on 2011; one of Foreign Policy Magazine’s Top 100 Global Thinkers for three years; one of CNN’s list of most powerful women in the Arab world.
Tawakkol earned an undergraduate degree in administration from the Faculty of Commerce and Economics at the University of Science and Technology, Sana’a a graduate degree in education psychology from the University of Sana'a. She was granted many Honorary Doctorate from many universities in International Law, human rights, Journalism, and women’s right. She is a mother of three children.
Tawakkol Karman is a Yemeni human rights activist, journalist, politician, President of Women Journalists Without Chains organization. Known as the “mother of the revolution”, “the iron woman” and “the lady of the Arab Spring,” She serves as the General Coordinator of the peaceful youth revolution council and is a member of the several international Human Rights NGOs.
She been named by TIME Magazine as Most Rebellions Woman in History.
Tawakkol Karman was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2011 in recognition of her work in non-violent struggle for the expression rights, safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work in Yemen. On receiving the prize, Tawakkol became the first Yemeni, the first Arab woman, and the second Muslim woman to win a Nobel Peace Prize, as well as the youngest Nobel Peace Laureate to date, at the age of 32. She is a mother of three children.