One Young World is proud to announce the 2020 Plenary Session themes!
The Plenary Sessions are some of the key highlights of the One Young World Summit and include speeches by world leaders and Delegate Speakers whose work and stories speak to the topic at hand. All content at the Summit is shaped by the five Plenary Sessions from keynotes to panels. The topics are decided through the Global Consultation Process with our 12,000 + Ambassador Community.
The Climate Crisis
10 years to go, can we deliver the Paris Agreement?
The Paris Agreement’s deadline to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40% by 2030 is only 10 years away. Morocco and the Gambia are currently the only two countries whose commitments are sufficient to limit a temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius. Greenhouse gases trap heat in the atmosphere contributing to global warming. This year began with some of the most devastating and widespread wildfires in recent history. Approximately 25 million acres of Australian land were burned, roughly the size of South Korea resulting in the deaths of over 1 billion animals. There has been a substantial loss of biodiversity as a result of the world’s 6th mass extinction, the impacts of which will be felt globally. The consequences of the Climate Crisis also have a significant impact on human life with an estimated 50–200 million people expected to be climate change refugees by 2050. Out of the One Young World community surveyed, 73.2% believe that the Climate Crisis is the biggest threat to humanity. The worst hit by this crisis is the global south and indigenous communities. The question of accountability and action must be raised. Is reform enough to solve the Climate Crisis or do we need a revolution?
Rights and Freedoms
How can we defend rights online and offline?
Human rights and civil liberties are of paramount importance to ensuring individuals are able to pursue a life free of tyranny in all its forms. From the growth of human trafficking to mass incarceration, rights violations are a global phenomenon. Approximately 50% of the One Young World community surveyed reported that their civil liberties and human rights had been violated. Sexual violence, discrimination and gender equality ranked in the top 3 of topics that required an urgent response in 2020. The violation of privacy rights has continued to grow with the increased use of facial recognition and cyber security threats. The first half of 2019 saw a record 4.1 billion records exposed in data breaches. How can we secure and defend our rights in a world that increasingly violates them?
How can we prepare for the 4th Industrial Revolution?
The 4th Industrial revolution will and has already begun to disrupt every industry and country. This has created a series of obstacles and opportunities for education. Over half of all the One Young World community surveyed reported they felt the education they received did not prepare them for the challenges of the upcoming decade. There is also an increased polarity between regions of the world that are preparing for the 4th industrial revolution and those that still struggle to provide basic educational resources and facilities to children. In 2019, over 260 million children did not attend school. Girls and children with disabilities are the most excluded from these educational institutions. Automation is predicted to hit women the worst and widen the gender divide. In order to ensure education equips people for the future it must be accessible, affordable, holistic and forward thinking. Can we reform education quickly enough to meet future demands?
Authoritarianism is on the rise; how can we de-escalate tensions?
The concentration of power under authoritarian leaders has threatened international diplomacy. Global defence spending is at a record high. Nuclear proliferation has re-emerged with the collapse of the Iran deal. Conflict is rife from Latin America to India. As a result, 1 out of every 108 people in the world today is displaced. Approximately 42.3% of One Young World surveyed ambassadors have experienced conflict or violence in their lifetime. Out of these respondents, 32.4% attributed the conflict and unrest in their country to economic issues such as poverty, inequality and inflation. Political polarisation and corruption were also identified as prime causes of conflict. How can we prevent and resolve global conflict?
How can economic growth be more just?
The Global Economy is projected to grow by 2.5% in 2020 but with the realisation that economic growth has often increased rather than decreased economic inequality, the blueprint for future economies needs to be re-evaluated. An estimated 44% of global wealth is owned by the richest 1% of people whilst sweatshops and widespread homelessness remain pertinent issues. Of the surveyed One Young World ambassadors, 49.2% reported they believe capitalism can adequately address the issues of inequality but not in its current form, while 37.4% believed a new economic system and model is needed to address this issue. Raising or introducing the minimum wage was the most popular solution to tackling economic injustice, followed by the achievement of equal pay for women and a wealth tax on billionaires. These results raise the question of how can we solve deep rooted economic inequality.